Wild birds in Virginia

  • American Goldfinch

    This prolific finch is the only finch that molts twice a year. In the spring the male sheds his duller fall/winter plumage for a bright yellow plumage and black cap to attract mates. Females and immature finches sport a duller brown tone. The finches distinctive song can be described as a series of musical warbles and twitters with one long note.

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  • Blue Jay

    Beautiful bright blue and white feathers abound on this large songbird. They are considered highly intelligent and develop tight family bonds. They can be found as far south as Florida and as far north as Southern Canada.

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  • Carolina Chickadee

    With almost identical coloring to the Black-capped Chickadee, the best way to distinguish the two is by their song the Carolina Chickadee uses four notes versus two notes. This chickadee resides in areas from New Jersey south to Florida and west into some areas in Texas and Kansas.

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  • Dark-eyed Junco

    Common across most of North America, they have been found as far north as the Arctic during the summer months. They have very distinctive dark gray heads, necks and breasts, with white outer tail feathers.

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  • House Finch

    Originally only found in the southwest, this finch has slowly expanded its territory to include areas in Washington and out to the eastern sea board. A reddish head and breast brighten up the light brownish speckled body. They sing in with a cheery rapid warble.

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  • House Sparrow

    House Sparrows are just that, found mostly where there are houses or other buildings. The female coloring is a mix of brown and gray, the males color is bolder with a black bar near its eye and strong rusty coloring along the wings and side of the head. They prefer to nest in cavities if none are available they will create globular nests.

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  • Mourning Dove

    These graceful doves are also known as Turtle Doves and Rain Doves. They are widespread throughout the United States. Their song has been compared to a lamenting sound, giving the bird its name. They are light grey and brown with black spots on their wings.

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  • Northern Cardinal

    The bright red coloring of the male is very conspicuous and breathtaking when highlighted against a winter snow. The female is a brown with a light red accents and a red crest. Once considered a prized pet, this practice is now banned in the United States.

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  • Tufted Titmouse

    All gray with white under parts, and a small tuft on the head, this eastern song bird is a year-round resident. They are cavity nesters often taking advantage of old woodpecker nests. Their call is a “”peter peter peter.””

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  • White-throated Sparrow

    These lively birds have black and white striped heads, with a small yellow area between the eyes, brown above and gray on the underside. They breed in the north-eastern areas of Canada and winter in eastern and southern United States. Their song is a wavering whistle.

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